In 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. That was the beginning of the Holocaust (1933-1945). The Holocaust took a lot of victims. Most of them were Jews. Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany believed that there is a world conspiracy of Jew for dominating the World, so in order to prevent that he started killing not just Jews but also Slavs, Gypsies, Soviet civilians, Soviet prisoners of war, homosexuals, people with disabilities, Jehovah witnesses and all political opponents.
Experts say that the exact numbers of people who died in the war may never be known, but the numbers that circulate in today’s history speak more than enough of the Nazi inhumanity. In the lines below we are giving you the numbers per nationalities.
• Soviet prisoners of war – 3.3 million
• Non-Jewish Poles- 1.8-2 million
• Disabled – 200,000 – 250,000
• Romanis (‘gypsies’) – 220,000- 270,000 (might be even bigger)
• Homosexuals – 5,000 – 15,000
• Jehovah Witnesses – 2,500 – 5,000
• Jews – 5.9 million
Holocaust is usually referred to man made genocide or killing and the explanation of the word in a vocabulary is this: “great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire”. This is usually referred to the gas chambers that were in the concentration camps. That is why it is believed that the number of 11 million people that died in the Holocaust might jump up to 17 million people. The numbers of the ethnics that are outlined above can vary because Hitler also went after political opponents, there is no exact number of the homosexuals that were killed, he also targeted Catholic and Protestant pastors, black people, physically and mentally ill…
All around the world there are over 250 museums and centers dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust. There you can find more detailed information.